Health & Wellness

Facts About Depression 

Depression is a mental health disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with everyday life. It can also cause physical symptoms such as appetite changes, fatigue, and difficulty sleeping. People who have depression often find it difficult to concentrate and make decisions.  

Common Types of Depression 

The following are the most common types of depression that many people experience:  

*Major Depressive Disorder: This is the most common type of depression characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. It can interfere with everyday activities such as eating and sleeping.  

*Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia): This type of depression is similar to major depressive disorder but it lasts for two or more years. People with this disorder may only feel mildly depressed most of the time but they may also have occasional episodes of major depression.  

*Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depression): This is a mood disorder that causes dramatic shifts in moods, energy levels, and behaviors from extreme highs to extreme lows throughout the day or week.  

*Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): This type of depression is related to changes in the seasons and typically occurs during winter months when there is less sunlight and outdoor activities. People with SAD may experience symptoms of major depression such as feelings of hopelessness, fatigue, and lack of interest in everyday activities.  

*Psychotic Depression: This type of depression usually occurs after a major life event or stressor, such as the death of a loved one. It can cause severe symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions along with other depressive symptoms.  

*Postpartum Depression (PPD): PPD affects new mothers and is caused by hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and after delivery. Symptoms include intense feelings of sadness, guilt, and exhaustion.  

*Atypical Depression: This type of depression is characterized by episodes of depression with periods of relative normalcy in between. It can also cause physical symptoms such as weight gain, fatigue, and appetite changes.  

*Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD): PMDD is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome that affects some women before their menstrual cycle begins each month. Symptoms can include extreme mood swings, irritability, fatigue, and anxiety.  

What Can You Do If You’re Experiencing Depression?  

If you or someone you know is experiencing depression, it’s important to remember that there is help available, such as the one provided by Michigan Psychological Care. Treatment usually involves both medication and counseling, but there are many other ways to cope with depression. Here are some tips for managing depression:  

*Take care of yourself by getting enough rest, eating right, and exercising regularly.  

*Reach out to a support network such as friends and family who can offer advice and listen when needed.  

*Practice relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation which can help reduce stress levels.  

*Consider joining a support group where you can talk to others who have similar experiences.  

*Talk to a therapist or counselor who can offer guidance and help you develop healthy coping mechanisms.  

*Participate in activities or hobbies that bring joy and purpose into your life.  

Take care of yourself both physically and mentally when dealing with depression. If things become too overwhelming, don’t hesitate to reach out for professional help. With the right resources and support, it is possible to manage your depression and live a happy, fulfilling life.  

Good mental health is essential for overall well-being, so it’s important to recognize the signs of depression and seek help if needed.  

The American Psychiatric Association recommends talking to loved ones or a doctor if you are feeling persistent sadness, hopelessness, or fatigue for more than two weeks. If you’re experiencing thoughts of self-harm or suicide, contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255. They are available 24/7 and provide free and confidential support to anyone in crisis.  


  • Eileen M Loya

    Thank you for writing this article. I have been diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder and I am taking medication for it. This is a tough disease to have but I am trying my best to overcome the symptoms and find peace and happiness in everyday life. It is difficult, but I do try.

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