Rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) is a common skin condition that causes redness and visual blood vessels in your face. These signs and symptoms can flare up from a few weeks to a few months and therefore stay for a long time.
Rosacea is mistaken for acne, other skin issues, or natural ruddiness.
Rosacea can affect anyone. But it’s most typical in middle-aged women who have light skin. There isn’t any cure for rosacea, but treatment can control and reduce the signs and symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of rosacea are:
Facial redness: Rosacea usually causes permanent redness in the central part of your mouth. In the nose and cheeks, small blood vessels are often swollen and seen.
Swollen, red bumps: People with rosacea also have pimples on their face like acne. This discharge sometimes carries pus. Your skin may feel warm and supple.
Eye problems: Many people with rosacea experience dry, irritated, swollen eyes, and red, swollen eyelids. This is known as ocular rosacea. In some people, eye symptoms precede skin symptoms.
Enlarged nose: Over time, rosacea can thicken the skin of the nose, resulting in nasal bulbs (rhinophyma). It is more visible in men than women.
Causes of Rosacea:
Yet it is not precisely known why rosacea happens. few things may play a role are:
Genetic reason: you may face Rosacea because of gene reason.
Blood vessel trouble: Your skin redness can create problems with blood vessels in your face. Sun damage could cause them to become wider, which makes it easier for people to identify them.
Mites: They are small insects. This type of name, Demodex folliculorum, usually stays on your skin and is not often dangerous. Although some people have a severe sensitivity to mites or have more bugs than usual, too many mites can irritate your skin.
Bacteria. H. A type called pylori usually stays in your stomach. Some studies have shown that this bacterium can increase the amount of a digestive hormone called gastrin, making your skin look glowing. Some things about you may make you more likely to get rosacea.
For example, if you are more likely to have a skin condition:
*Have light skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes
*Are between ages 30 and 50
*Are a woman
*Have family members with rosacea
*Had severe acne
There is still no specific diagnosis of rosacea. Instead, your doctor has calculated the history of your symptoms and the assessment of the skin. You may go for tests to know about other symptoms like psoriasis, eczema, lupus, etc. Sometimes these conditions are also signs and symptoms of rosacea.
If your symptoms depend on your eyes, your doctor may refer you to an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) for evaluation.
Treatment of rosacea focuses on controlling the signs and symptoms. Often it requires a combination of skin care and prescribed medications. The time of your treatment depends on the type and severity of your signs and symptoms. Repetition is common.
New rosacea medications are developed in recent years. The kind of medication your doctor prescribes depends on which signs and symptoms you’re facing. you’ll must try different options or a mix of medication to find suitable treatment for you.
Medications for rosacea also include:
Topical medications that reduce redness: For mild to moderate rosacea, your doctor may recommend cream or gel that you can use to the affected skin. Brimonidine (Mirvasso) and oxymetazoline (Rhofade) narrow the blood vessels and reduce redness. You will see results after 12 hours of use. The effect on the blood vessels is primary, so the drug needs to be applied regularly to take care of the improvement. Other topical products have less effect on redness but less rosacea helps control the rash. These drugs include azelaic acid (azalex, finacia), metronidazole (metrozel, nortet, others) and ivermectin (solantra). With azelaic acid and metronidazole, noticeable changes usually do not appear for 2 to 6 weeks. Ivermectin may take longer to exfoliate the skin, but it leads to increased damage compared to metronidazole.
Oral antibiotics: Doctors also suggest an oral antibiotic such as doxycycline (Oracea, others) for moderate use of rosacea with bumps and pimples.
Oral acne drug. If you have acute rosacea that doesn’t acknowledge other therapies, your doctor may suggest Isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, others). It is an effective oral acne drug that helps to clear acne-like rosacea lesions. Avoid this medicine during pregnancy as it can cause severe birth defects.
Laser therapy and other light-based therapies can help reduce the redness of enlarged blood vessels. Periodic, repetitive treatments may be needed to maintain the improved appearance of your skin.
Lifestyle and home remedies:
These home remedies can help you to control rosacea and prevent explosion:
*Identify and Avoid Triggers: Focus on what triggers flashbacks for you and avoids those triggers.
*Protect your face: Use sunscreen every day. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen – which blocks both ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B rays with an SPF of 30 or higher with a topical medication you are using for your face before or after applying any cosmetics products. You can also use a hat and avoid the midday sun. Wear a shawl or face mask in cold and windy weather.
*Gently treat your skin: Do not rub or touch your face excessively. Apply a non-soap cleanser and moisturize regularly. Avoid alcohol or other skin-irritating products.
*Reduce visible redness with makeup: By using makeup, someone can reduce the redness of the skin. Try powder cosmetics with green tones and matte finish.
Rosacea may be distressing. You would possibly feel embarrassed or anxious about your appearance and become withdrawn or discomforted. You’ll be frustrated or upset by other people’s reactions. It is helpful to criticize any counselor about these feelings.
A rosacea support group, nose to nose or online, can connect you with others facing similar style problems – which can be comfortable.