With the world turning into a Global Village, there is now more significant international trade than ever. Countries seek to maximize their profits and achieve economic growth by acquiring competitive advantage in trade. The USA has maintained an export surplus with Canada over the years, and this mutual trade generates several hundred billion dollars of revenue for both countries. It is important to understand the process of shipping from Canada to US.
To accomplish economic benefits, exporters have to reduce the production costs of the goods and services they offer. There are various costs included such as the wages that labor receives, rent to be paid by the business owners and salaries paid to the permanent staff. It also includes the transportation and shipping costs of moving items locally and internationally.
The cost-cutting is done from both sides, that is, from importers and exporters to ensure mutual benefits as part of a long-term business relationship. There are many ways the shipping process can be optimized to enhance the scope of transport of goods without putting too much financial burden on the parties involved.
Understanding the Process of Shipping in Detail
Though many people understand shipping as merely the transport of materials overseas, it includes several stages like classification, grading, packaging, labeling, and carriage. Unlike the misconception that shipping always occurs through seas, the term has expanded to cover many domains in the practical world. It also refers to ground shipping and air freight alongside ocean shipping. The mode of transportation depends on factors like the size of cargo, the expected time for delivery, the shippers’ budget, legal frameworks, and political conditions. However, the sellers will bear most of the costs until the shipment reaches the seaport or airport from where it will be transported to another place.
Size of Business and How It Impacts the Shipping Process
Several rules and regulations governing the shipping process in the USA and Canada are based on the size and nature of the businesses that require the shipping services. Before you consider shipping regulations, it is crucial to know how the type and nature of business can have an impact on the overall shipping process.
*Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
Also known as SMEs, these are the most common types of businesses. SMEs have a wide range of employees, but almost all of them are under 1,000. If you order goods from an SME, fortunately, you can save a lot on shipping costs. For goods worth up to $800, you would not have to pay any additional tax duties.
*Large Sized Enterprises
These hire over 1,000 workers and generate more than a billion dollars in yearly revenue. The large Canadian enterprises conduct ample international trade with the US, and they have to clear taxes and duties due to the high worth of their goods. If you want to import from a large enterprise, you can reduce shipping costs by ordering in bulk rather than individual packages.
Paperwork for Shipping
Though costs and complications may vary, every company that ships from Canada follows certain stages. For successful shipping, you have to collaborate with concerned authorities to clear the paperwork and manage the need for documentation. These include the Bill of Lading, Certificate of Origin, and Commercial Invoices. The Commercial Invoices entail the essential details of both the sellers and the buyers. For instance, their addresses, custom agents, and the description and monetary worth of goods. Certificate of Origin will certify that a Canada based business produced the goods. In contrast, the Bill of Lading works like a legal contract between the exporters and the shippers.
Selecting the Shipping Port
If you think that ocean shipping will be the most feasible and cost-effective method for you, you must consider several factors while selecting a port. The most significant one is distance because if you choose a far-off port, you will have to bear additional and unnecessary expenses. Your first preference should be the city ports as it can lower the costs of transporting goods at the port locally. In addition to the distance, you should also look into the transit time, port codes, and customs clearance while selecting a particular port for the shipping of your goods and items.
Additional Tips for Shipping
To minimize the costs of the entire procedure, you should ship in the off-peak seasons. You will be paying less as compared to the peak season due to lower transit and shipping prices. Looking into the return policy of the company you are shipping from is also crucial as it can protect you from a lot of trouble. Whether they have a no-return policy or a time framework for return and exchange, make sure you confirm your options upfront.
All these assessments can help estimate the shipping costs in advance, which can be useful in making the entire process cost-effective and beneficial for all parties involved in the process of exporting and importing goods.